Visualizing your Service Mesh

This document assumes that you installed Kiali as part of your installation. If not, please install the Kiali operator and update your SMCP before continuing.

Before you Begin

  1. Install Maistra by following the instructions here.

  2. Deploy the Bookinfo application by following these instructions.

What is Kiali

Kiali is a component which visualises an application’s topology, health, metrics and tracing information to provide a deeper understanding of the application’s behavior and performance. Within a single view it is easy to determine which services are communicating with each other, where the traffic is flowing, information about the current health of the service and other useful metrics.

Kiali also integrates with Jaeger to provide access to distributed tracing information, allowing you to track an individual request as it flows through the system and identify potential issues.

How does Kiali work?

Every pod deployed as part of the Service Mesh contains a proxy container responsible for intercepting the application traffic coming into and going out of the pod. The Service Mesh proxy is automatically created on deployment of the application and automatically captures information as part of each service invocation. Kiali uses this information to provide a visualisation of the Service Mesh behavior. The information includes metrics as well as distributed tracing information.

Generating load

Before looking at the Kiali console, generate some load on the Service Mesh. From within a new terminal enter the following commands:

$ export INGRESS_GATEWAY=$(oc get route -n istio-system istio-ingressgateway -o 'jsonpath={}')
$ while : ; do curl http://${INGRESS_GATEWAY}/productpage ; sleep 1 ; done

Opening the Kiali console

To open the Kiali console enter the following command within a new terminal

$ xdg-open https://$(oc get route -n istio-system kiali -o 'jsonpath={}')

When prompted to login use your OpenShift credentials.

Kiali’s Graph

Within the Kiali UI select the Graph option from the navigation on the left and then

  • bookinfo from the Select a namespace dropdown

  • Versioned app graph

  • Requests percentage from the No edge labels dropdown

  • Last 1m

  • Every 10s

kiali login

You should now see the application graph showing traffic being created by our curl requests above. The traffic will flow from the Service Mesh ingress gateway to the productpage service, reviews service and finally the ratings service. There will also be another branch from productpage to details. The request percentage will show 100% on every edge except for the productpage edge which splits traffic 50% between reviews and details and the reviews service where the traffic should be split evenly across all three versions.

Kiali Graph showing application traffic

Further information

To learn more about Kiali, please see the Kiali documentation at: